A Proctology Exam
will give you answers

What is Proctology?

Maybe the words "proctology exam" send shivers up and down your spine, but you will get used to hearing it.

One of the most critical systems in the human body is the Gastrointestinal tract.

The foods we eat and the liquids we drink enter our bodies in the top end of the system (the mouth), and the waste products left over after the metabolic processes exit the system through the bottom end of the system (which is the anus).

Proctology is the science of understanding and working with the processes involved in the lower portion of that tract. If anything gets out of whack anywhere along the way from one end to the other, problems arise that can be painful and debilitating.

In more current terminology, a proctology exam is referred to as a colorectal exam and is particularly effective in finding the answers to what will make the system work correctly. In order for this to happen fact finding examinations are often required to determine the source and severity of the problem.

One of the ways used to gather facts about a malfunctioning GI system is to use instruments during the proctology exam that allow a physician to “look” inside the body to see what might not be working correctly.

Proctology tools

Depending on how far up into the GI tract a proctologist needs to look for answers, there are numerous tools that allow for a closer look at what’s going on.

Modern technology such as fiber optics has equipped physicians with the ability to insert into the body through a small opening what amounts to a mini video camera to be able to see what they can’t see without opening huge incisions.

Not all of the tools used by a proctologist are extremely advanced however.

Here is a partial list of the devices a doctor might use to look inside the GI tract:


4-6 inch plastic or metal tube used to inspect the inside of the anus and to check for the existence of hemorrhoids, rectal polyps or anal fissures.


6-8 inch plastic or metal tube similar to the anoscope only longer used to inspect further up in the anal canal.


8-10 inch plastic or metal tube similar to the anoscope and proctoscope allowing the user to inspect up to the lower portion of the descending

or sigmoid colon.


short thin flexible lighted tube used to inspect the rectum and the lower third of the colon for polyps and signs of cancer.


similar to the sigmoidoscope but longer as it is used inspect the entire length of the colon and can be fitted with extremely small tools used in the collection of tissue for biopsy and for removing polyps as needed.

Another very important procedure used by Colorectal specialists (or proctologists if you prefer) is the Fecal Occult Blood Test which uses either a chemical or antibodies to determine if there is blood in the stool that is coming from a slow bleed somewhere in the GI Tract.

A Proctologist will use many of these tools and others in combination to screen for the existence of conditions that may indicate that there is cancer or some other less life threatening condition in the GI Tract.

A colorectal exam (or proctology exam) can be a great benefit to you as you search for answers about what to do next.

The thing that will be your biggest enemy in that search is to do nothing.

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