Could it be our hurry up lifestyle?
What is hemorrhoids and what causes hemorrhoids are questions you probably never thought you would be asking yourself. Don't worry, it is way more common than you might think. Many people suffer quietly with hemorrhoids or piles as they are often called. They think they are unique and that no one else could possibly relate to this condition.
They might also think that they are alone, but let me reassure you that there is a large percentage of the population that is right where you are at, seeing some signs of the presence of hemorrhoids, but not really knowing why or where they are coming from.
Sometimes as people experience discomfort from hemorrhoids and back pain at the same time they wonder if they are related somehow.
To better understand what causes hemorrhoids it is necessary to know a little bit about the physiology of the anal canal and the rectum.
Hemorrhoids are vascular structures or blood veins within the anal canal that help with the passage and control of stool through the canal. Combined with the connective tissue that binds them together they act as a cushion as the stool moves out through the rectum.
Because the rectum and anal canal are subject to varying levels of pressure created by such things as constipation, diarrhea, low fiber diet, straining, pregnancy, obesity, prolonged sitting or sudden impact, the blood vessels of the hemorrhoids sometimes become enlarged.
In this condition they can become inflamed and may even begin to bleed at times. The surface of the hemorrhoid is very delicate and straining or irritation when passing the stool can damage it and cause it to bleed.
Hemorrhoids are classified into two main categories. They are considered to be either Internal or External. Of course there are varying degrees of severity within both categories. Both types can be aggravated by the above mentioned conditions.
Internal hemorrhoids normally manifest themselves only by the presence of blood during bowel movement and are not usually painful.
Occasionally an internal hemorrhoid can be pushed out through the anal opening by excessive straining. This condition is referred to as a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and can cause irritation and pain.
External hemorrhoids are under the skin around the outside of the anus. They can itch or bleed when irritated. The pooling of blood within external hemorrhoids forms a clot or thrombus and can be very painful. Itching and swelling often accompany this condition.
Constipation is probably the most easily addressed of all of the causes of hemorrhoids and can normally be dealt with by making some lifestyle and diet changes.
Your diet should include 25 to 30 grams of fiber and about 60 to 80 ounces of fluid to maintain proper bowel function.